Pygmy three-toed sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus)

Zoology with: Pygmy three-toed sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus)

The pygmy three-toed sloth (Bradypus pygmaeus), also known as a monk sloth or dwarf sloth,  is a small three-toed sloth, endemic to Isla Escudo de Veraguas, a small island off the coast of Panama, which separated from the mainland nearly 8900 years ago.  Only described as a separate species in 2001, they are thought to have originated from isolation of individuals of the mainland population of brown-throated three-toed sloths. The population became a distinct species through insular dwarfism on the island.

Pygmy three-toed sloths have a tan face with a dark brown band across the brow and orange eye patches. The back can exhibit either uniform or blotchy color distribution, but is usually dark brown with an obvious dorsal stripe. Pygmy sloths are unique in that they have long hairs on the crown and the sides of the head, giving the distinct impression of a hood

Pygmy three-toed sloth
Population size:
< 500 individuals
Range:
Approximately 1.3km2 – 1.5km2 on Isla Escudo de Veraguas, Panama
Threats:
Habitat loss due to illegal logging of mangrove forests for firewood and construction and hunting of the sloths
Action required:
Enforcement of protection of the Isla Escudo de Veraguas nature sanctuary and raising awareness

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